*Ratio Analysis PowerPoint Show notes on Ratio Analysis - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Search Search*

Ratio Analysis PowerPoint Show. pdf. Ratio Analysis . Alula Alem. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Ratio Analysis . Download. Ratio Analysis . Alula Alem, Ratio analysis is a process of determining and presenting the quantities relationship between two accounting figures to calculate the strength and weaknesses of a business. In simple word, ratio analysis is quotient of two numerical variables which shows the relationship between the two figures, accordingly, accounting ratio us a relationship.

Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory, Ratio analysis is a process of determining and presenting the quantities relationship between two accounting figures to calculate the strength and weaknesses of a business. In simple word, ratio analysis is quotient of two numerical variables which shows the relationship between the two figures, accordingly, accounting ratio us a relationship

3. RATIO ANALYSIS Objectives: After reading this chapter, the students will be able to 1. Construct simple financial statements of a firm. 2. Use ratio analysis in the working capital management. 3.1 Balance Sheet Model of a Firm Business firms require money to run their operations. This money, or capital, is provided by the investors. Ratio analysis is used to evaluate relationships among financial statement items. The ratios are used to identify trends over time for one company or to compare two or more companies at one point in time. Financial statement ratio analysis focuses on three key aspects of вЂ¦

Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory, Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory,

Financial ratios, a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake 3 3. An activity ratio relates information on a company's ability to manage its resources (that is, its assets) efficiently. 4. A financial leverage ratio provides information on the degree of a company's fixed financing obligations and its ability to satisfy these financing obligations. Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory,

A Ratio Analysis Report on TATA MOTORS LTD. By VEER J THAKKAR. 1|Page A Project ON Ratio anaylsis on TATA MOTORS LTD By VEER J THAKKAR A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of THE MBA PROGRAM (The Class of 2015) For the Module Financial Accounting and Analysis To вЂ¦ View Notes - 7гЂЃChapter 3 -Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part I-1.pdf from BUSI 4006 at Columbia University. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES BUSIPS5001 вЂ“ вЂ¦

Sep 05, 2012В В· Ratio analysis 1. Financial ratio is the relationship between twoaccounting figures expressed mathematically.Suppose there are two accounting figures of aconcern are sales Rs 100000 and profits Rs 15000.The ratio between these two figures will be 2. View Notes - 7гЂЃChapter 3 -Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part I-1.pdf from BUSI 4006 at Columbia University. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES BUSIPS5001 вЂ“ вЂ¦

BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric Financial Accounting C.Mulford: Financial Statement Analysis: 1 Financial Analysis Ratio Formula Sheet Profitability Ratios вЂў Gross margin ratio Gross profit / sales вЂў Operating income ratio Sustainable operating income / sales вЂў R&D expense percent R&D / sales вЂў SGA expense percent SGA / sales вЂў Net margin ratio Sustainable net income / sales

Sep 05, 2012В В· Ratio analysis 1. Financial ratio is the relationship between twoaccounting figures expressed mathematically.Suppose there are two accounting figures of aconcern are sales Rs 100000 and profits Rs 15000.The ratio between these two figures will be 2. Ratio Analysis looks at the pairing of financial data in order to get a picture of the performance of the organisation. Ratios allow a business to identify aspects of their performance to help decision making. Ratio Analysis allows you to compare performance between departments and over time.

Notes on Concept and Meaning of Ratio Analysis Grade 12. Financial ratios, a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake 3 3. An activity ratio relates information on a company's ability to manage its resources (that is, its assets) efficiently. 4. A financial leverage ratio provides information on the degree of a company's fixed financing obligations and its ability to satisfy these financing obligations., This toolkit also discusses the commonly accepted ratios for microfinance analysis within four broad categories: sustainability and profitability, portfolio quality, asset and liability management, and efficiency and productivity. The p urpose of ratio analysis is often for e вЂ¦.

Study Notes on Ratio Analysis Your Article Library. A Ratio Analysis Report on TATA MOTORS LTD. By VEER J THAKKAR. 1|Page A Project ON Ratio anaylsis on TATA MOTORS LTD By VEER J THAKKAR A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of THE MBA PROGRAM (The Class of 2015) For the Module Financial Accounting and Analysis To вЂ¦, Nov 19, 2016В В· Financial Ratio Analysis formulas List of Financial Ratios: Financial ratio analysis is conducted to learn more about the accounts & businesses.Ratio analysis is useful in ascertaining the profitability of a company.Ratio analysis is useful in ascertaining the profitability of a company..

7гЂЃChapter 3Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part. Let us make an in-depth study of the meaning, advantages and limitations of ratio analysis. Meaning of Ratio Analysis: . Ratio analysis refers to the analysis and interpretation of the figures appearing in the financial statements (i.e., Profit and Loss Account, Balance Sheet and Fund Flow statement etc.)., Nov 19, 2016В В· Financial Ratio Analysis formulas List of Financial Ratios: Financial ratio analysis is conducted to learn more about the accounts & businesses.Ratio analysis is useful in ascertaining the profitability of a company.Ratio analysis is useful in ascertaining the profitability of a company..

Ratio Analysis Revision World. View Notes - 7гЂЃChapter 3 -Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part I-1.pdf from BUSI 4006 at Columbia University. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES BUSIPS5001 вЂ“ вЂ¦ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratio_analysis Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory,.

BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric Nov 25, 2011В В· Important tool for fiancial analysis Helpful for UG PG PROFESSIONAL COURSE pursuing students

A Ratio Analysis Report on TATA MOTORS LTD. By VEER J THAKKAR. 1|Page A Project ON Ratio anaylsis on TATA MOTORS LTD By VEER J THAKKAR A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of THE MBA PROGRAM (The Class of 2015) For the Module Financial Accounting and Analysis To вЂ¦ Ratio analysis is a process of determining and presenting the quantities relationship between two accounting figures to calculate the strength and weaknesses of a business. In simple word, ratio analysis is quotient of two numerical variables which shows the relationship between the two figures, accordingly, accounting ratio us a relationship

BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric Sep 05, 2012В В· Ratio analysis 1. Financial ratio is the relationship between twoaccounting figures expressed mathematically.Suppose there are two accounting figures of aconcern are sales Rs 100000 and profits Rs 15000.The ratio between these two figures will be 2.

May 01, 2018В В· Ratio analysis is the comparison of line items in the financial statements of a business. Ratio analysis is used to evaluate a number of issues with an entity, such as its liquidity , efficiency of operations, and profitability . This type of analysis is particularly useful to analysts outside Ratio analysis The process of examining various financial statement items with the objective of assessing the success of past and current performance and, perhaps more importantly, of projecting future performance and financial condition. Analysis Approach Comparisons across time Trend and time-series analysis Cross-Sectional Analysis

Ratio analysis is based on the historical accounting information which sometimes makes it difficult to predict the future condition of the business or consider the changes in the price level. For evaluating the progress and future prospects of an organization, both quantitative and qualitative aspects are to вЂ¦ The biggest difference between each ratio is the type of assets used in the calculation. While each ratio includes current assets, the more conservative (notes payable, current portion of term debt, payables, accrued expenses and taxes). In theory, the fundamental analysis of вЂ¦

BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric 1 FIN 301 Class Notes Chapter 17: Financial Statement Analysis INTRODUCTION Financial ratio: is a relationship between different accounting items that tells something about the firmвЂ™s activities.

Jan 02, 2018В В· Advantages/Importance of Ratio analysis Analysis of financial position: Ratio analysis is an analytical process which helps to analysis of financial position of business organization. Comparison of performance: It helps to compare between current performances with previous and helps to ascertain financial statements. Nov 19, 2016В В· Financial Ratio Analysis formulas List of Financial Ratios: Financial ratio analysis is conducted to learn more about the accounts & businesses.Ratio analysis is useful in ascertaining the profitability of a company.Ratio analysis is useful in ascertaining the profitability of a company.

Ratio analysis is based on the historical accounting information which sometimes makes it difficult to predict the future condition of the business or consider the changes in the price level. For evaluating the progress and future prospects of an organization, both quantitative and qualitative aspects are to вЂ¦ Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory,

Ratio Analysis looks at the pairing of financial data in order to get a picture of the performance of the organisation. Ratios allow a business to identify aspects of their performance to help decision making. Ratio Analysis allows you to compare performance between departments and over time. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the nine major limitations of ratio analysis. The limitations are: 1. False Results if Based on Incorrect Accounting Data 2. No Idea of Probable Happenings in Future 3. Variation in Accounting Methods 4. Price Level Changes 5. Only One Method of Analysis 6. No Common Standards 7. Different Meanings Assigned вЂ¦

Sep 05, 2012В В· Ratio analysis 1. Financial ratio is the relationship between twoaccounting figures expressed mathematically.Suppose there are two accounting figures of aconcern are sales Rs 100000 and profits Rs 15000.The ratio between these two figures will be 2. Nov 21, 2018В В· rpeavler Here is the balance sheet we are going to use for our financial ratio tutorial. You will notice there are two years of data for this company so we can do a time-series (or trend) analysis and see how the firm is doing across time.

3. RATIO ANALYSIS Objectives: After reading this chapter, the students will be able to 1. Construct simple financial statements of a firm. 2. Use ratio analysis in the working capital management. 3.1 Balance Sheet Model of a Firm Business firms require money to run their operations. This money, or capital, is provided by the investors. Nov 21, 2018В В· rpeavler Here is the balance sheet we are going to use for our financial ratio tutorial. You will notice there are two years of data for this company so we can do a time-series (or trend) analysis and see how the firm is doing across time.

Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis Pdf Notes. Ratio analysis is based on the historical accounting information which sometimes makes it difficult to predict the future condition of the business or consider the changes in the price level. For evaluating the progress and future prospects of an organization, both quantitative and qualitative aspects are to вЂ¦, Ratio Analysis looks at the pairing of financial data in order to get a picture of the performance of the organisation. Ratios allow a business to identify aspects of their performance to help decision making. Ratio Analysis allows you to compare performance between departments and over time..

RATIO ANALYSIS Meaning Definition Importance/Advantages. Nov 21, 2018В В· rpeavler Here is the balance sheet we are going to use for our financial ratio tutorial. You will notice there are two years of data for this company so we can do a time-series (or trend) analysis and see how the firm is doing across time., Study Notes on Ratio Analysis. Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: Company analysis is the current market price shows that it is more than intrinsic value then according to the theory the share should be sold. This basic approach is analysed through the financial statements of an organization..

Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory, BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric

Sep 05, 2012В В· Ratio analysis 1. Financial ratio is the relationship between twoaccounting figures expressed mathematically.Suppose there are two accounting figures of aconcern are sales Rs 100000 and profits Rs 15000.The ratio between these two figures will be 2. Ratio analysis is used to evaluate relationships among financial statement items. The ratios are used to identify trends over time for one company or to compare two or more companies at one point in time. Financial statement ratio analysis focuses on three key aspects of вЂ¦

Notes Accounting Ratios - I Analysis of Financial Statements 20 In the previous lesson, you have learnt the relationship between various items of the financial statements. You have also learnt various tools of analysis of financial statements such as comparative statements, common size statement, and trend analysis. However, like the above Ratio analysis The process of examining various financial statement items with the objective of assessing the success of past and current performance and, perhaps more importantly, of projecting future performance and financial condition. Analysis Approach Comparisons across time Trend and time-series analysis Cross-Sectional Analysis

Ratio Analysis looks at the pairing of financial data in order to get a picture of the performance of the organisation. Ratios allow a business to identify aspects of their performance to help decision making. Ratio Analysis allows you to compare performance between departments and over time. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the nine major limitations of ratio analysis. The limitations are: 1. False Results if Based on Incorrect Accounting Data 2. No Idea of Probable Happenings in Future 3. Variation in Accounting Methods 4. Price Level Changes 5. Only One Method of Analysis 6. No Common Standards 7. Different Meanings Assigned вЂ¦

Ratio analysis The process of examining various financial statement items with the objective of assessing the success of past and current performance and, perhaps more importantly, of projecting future performance and financial condition. Analysis Approach Comparisons across time Trend and time-series analysis Cross-Sectional Analysis Ratio analysis The process of examining various financial statement items with the objective of assessing the success of past and current performance and, perhaps more importantly, of projecting future performance and financial condition. Analysis Approach Comparisons across time Trend and time-series analysis Cross-Sectional Analysis

Ratio Analysis looks at the pairing of financial data in order to get a picture of the performance of the organisation. Ratios allow a business to identify aspects of their performance to help decision making. Ratio Analysis allows you to compare performance between departments and over time. View Notes - 7гЂЃChapter 3 -Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part I-1.pdf from BUSI 4006 at Columbia University. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES BUSIPS5001 вЂ“ вЂ¦

Introduction to Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis 193-029 5 turnover ratio can be obscured, and the most valid comparisons of an asset turnover ratio at one date may be to that of the same firm at another recent date. Asset turnover ratios can be calculated for any group of assets. Accounts receivable, inventory, Ratio analysis The process of examining various financial statement items with the objective of assessing the success of past and current performance and, perhaps more importantly, of projecting future performance and financial condition. Analysis Approach Comparisons across time Trend and time-series analysis Cross-Sectional Analysis

BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric Jun 03, 2019В В· Accounting Ratios вЂ“ CBSE Notes for Class 12 Accountancy Topic 1: Introduction 1. Ratio It is an arithmetical expression of relationship between two related or interdependent items. 2. Accounting Ratios It is a mathematical expression that shows the relationship between various items or groups of items shown in financial statements. When ratios are calculated on вЂ¦

Ratio analysis The process of examining various financial statement items with the objective of assessing the success of past and current performance and, perhaps more importantly, of projecting future performance and financial condition. Analysis Approach Comparisons across time Trend and time-series analysis Cross-Sectional Analysis 1 FIN 301 Class Notes Chapter 17: Financial Statement Analysis INTRODUCTION Financial ratio: is a relationship between different accounting items that tells something about the firmвЂ™s activities.

7гЂЃChapter 3Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part. notes on Ratio Analysis - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Search Search, Nov 21, 2018В В· rpeavler Here is the balance sheet we are going to use for our financial ratio tutorial. You will notice there are two years of data for this company so we can do a time-series (or trend) analysis and see how the firm is doing across time..

Ratio analysis formula sheet cbse accounting. View Notes - 7гЂЃChapter 3 -Financial Ratio Analysis_Lecture Notes - Part I-1.pdf from BUSI 4006 at Columbia University. COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES BUSIPS5001 вЂ“ вЂ¦, notes on Ratio Analysis - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Search Search.

Financial ratio analysis. BUSINESS BUILDER 6 HOW TO ANALYZE YOUR BUSINESS USING FINANCIAL RATIOS. Notes 22 . zions business resource center 4 Current ratio analysis is also a very helpful way for you to evaluate how your company uses its cash. Obviously, it is vital to have enough cash to pay current liabilities, as your landlord and the electric https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratio_analysis ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the nine major limitations of ratio analysis. The limitations are: 1. False Results if Based on Incorrect Accounting Data 2. No Idea of Probable Happenings in Future 3. Variation in Accounting Methods 4. Price Level Changes 5. Only One Method of Analysis 6. No Common Standards 7. Different Meanings Assigned вЂ¦.

Nov 25, 2011В В· Important tool for fiancial analysis Helpful for UG PG PROFESSIONAL COURSE pursuing students 3. RATIO ANALYSIS Objectives: After reading this chapter, the students will be able to 1. Construct simple financial statements of a firm. 2. Use ratio analysis in the working capital management. 3.1 Balance Sheet Model of a Firm Business firms require money to run their operations. This money, or capital, is provided by the investors.

Sep 30, 2019В В· Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis Notes Pdf вЂ“ MEFA Notes Pdf book starts with the topics Definition, Nature and Scope of Managerial EconomicsвЂ“Demand Analysis: Demand Determinants, Cost concepts, Opportunity cost, Fixed vs. Ratio analysis is used to evaluate relationships among financial statement items. The ratios are used to identify trends over time for one company or to compare two or more companies at one point in time. Financial statement ratio analysis focuses on three key aspects of вЂ¦

Be sure and point out that the numbers in the tables are presented in thousands, so the BV of equity has to have the extra three zeros in order for the market-to-book ratio to work. 2011E 2010 2009 Ind. 3. RATIO ANALYSIS Objectives: After reading this chapter, the students will be able to 1. Construct simple financial statements of a firm. 2. Use ratio analysis in the working capital management. 3.1 Balance Sheet Model of a Firm Business firms require money to run their operations. This money, or capital, is provided by the investors.

The biggest difference between each ratio is the type of assets used in the calculation. While each ratio includes current assets, the more conservative (notes payable, current portion of term debt, payables, accrued expenses and taxes). In theory, the fundamental analysis of вЂ¦ The biggest difference between each ratio is the type of assets used in the calculation. While each ratio includes current assets, the more conservative (notes payable, current portion of term debt, payables, accrued expenses and taxes). In theory, the fundamental analysis of вЂ¦

Financial ratios, a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake 3 3. An activity ratio relates information on a company's ability to manage its resources (that is, its assets) efficiently. 4. A financial leverage ratio provides information on the degree of a company's fixed financing obligations and its ability to satisfy these financing obligations. Ratio analysis is a process of determining and presenting the quantities relationship between two accounting figures to calculate the strength and weaknesses of a business. In simple word, ratio analysis is quotient of two numerical variables which shows the relationship between the two figures, accordingly, accounting ratio us a relationship

The biggest difference between each ratio is the type of assets used in the calculation. While each ratio includes current assets, the more conservative (notes payable, current portion of term debt, payables, accrued expenses and taxes). In theory, the fundamental analysis of вЂ¦ Ratio Analysis looks at the pairing of financial data in order to get a picture of the performance of the organisation. Ratios allow a business to identify aspects of their performance to help decision making. Ratio Analysis allows you to compare performance between departments and over time.

Financial Accounting C.Mulford: Financial Statement Analysis: 1 Financial Analysis Ratio Formula Sheet Profitability Ratios вЂў Gross margin ratio Gross profit / sales вЂў Operating income ratio Sustainable operating income / sales вЂў R&D expense percent R&D / sales вЂў SGA expense percent SGA / sales вЂў Net margin ratio Sustainable net income / sales Study Notes on Ratio Analysis. Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: Company analysis is the current market price shows that it is more than intrinsic value then according to the theory the share should be sold. This basic approach is analysed through the financial statements of an organization.

This toolkit also discusses the commonly accepted ratios for microfinance analysis within four broad categories: sustainability and profitability, portfolio quality, asset and liability management, and efficiency and productivity. The p urpose of ratio analysis is often for e вЂ¦ Sep 30, 2019В В· Managerial Economics and Financial Analysis Notes Pdf вЂ“ MEFA Notes Pdf book starts with the topics Definition, Nature and Scope of Managerial EconomicsвЂ“Demand Analysis: Demand Determinants, Cost concepts, Opportunity cost, Fixed vs.

Notes Accounting Ratios - I Analysis of Financial Statements 20 In the previous lesson, you have learnt the relationship between various items of the financial statements. You have also learnt various tools of analysis of financial statements such as comparative statements, common size statement, and trend analysis. However, like the above Ratio analysis is used to evaluate relationships among financial statement items. The ratios are used to identify trends over time for one company or to compare two or more companies at one point in time. Financial statement ratio analysis focuses on three key aspects of вЂ¦

Nov 21, 2018В В· rpeavler Here is the balance sheet we are going to use for our financial ratio tutorial. You will notice there are two years of data for this company so we can do a time-series (or trend) analysis and see how the firm is doing across time. Financial Accounting C.Mulford: Financial Statement Analysis: 1 Financial Analysis Ratio Formula Sheet Profitability Ratios вЂў Gross margin ratio Gross profit / sales вЂў Operating income ratio Sustainable operating income / sales вЂў R&D expense percent R&D / sales вЂў SGA expense percent SGA / sales вЂў Net margin ratio Sustainable net income / sales

Be sure and point out that the numbers in the tables are presented in thousands, so the BV of equity has to have the extra three zeros in order for the market-to-book ratio to work. 2011E 2010 2009 Ind. The biggest difference between each ratio is the type of assets used in the calculation. While each ratio includes current assets, the more conservative (notes payable, current portion of term debt, payables, accrued expenses and taxes). In theory, the fundamental analysis of вЂ¦